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Fraudster, Shamoon Rafiq, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit securities and wire fraud after a scheme to sell fake pre-IPO equity in Airbnb.


  1. Who did Rafiq claim to be?
  2. What amount of money was swindled from investors?
  3. What companies were included in the stock Rafiq was pitching to investors?


Goswami, R. (2024). Fraudster who peddled fake pre-IPO Airbnb stock falsely claimed to represent Egypt’s Mansour family., Feb. 27 (Retrievable online at